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General Health

Recognizing Alzheimer's Disease

How to recognize the

symptoms of Alzheimer's

in your loved ones










A new report released in conjunction with National Alzheimer's Awareness Month states that most family members miss the earliest signs of Alzheimer's in their loved ones.

Impact of Alzheimer's Disease

Why? Simply because they don't know what symptoms they need to look for. This article will tell you how to recognize the classic Alzheimer's symptoms in those around you.

The early warning signs (markers) of Alzheimer's are usually very subtle, sometimes appearing months or even years before the characteristic memory loss and other clinical symptoms become apparent.

But these Alzheimer's markers are often misunderstood or unrecognized by family and friends. The signs of Alzheimer's include:

  • Depression: Over half of all Alzheimer's patients exhibit symptoms of clinical depression as early as two years before memory loss becomes apparent.
  • Loss of the sense of smell: Although they're usually unaware of it, the affected person's ability to discern common odors may decrease by a wide margin. The sense of taste usually remains intact however.
  • Loss of hearing: The common warning signs include keeping the TV volume too loud as well as avoiding use of the phone and face-to-face conversations.
  • Impairment of visual and spatial abilities: The affected person may have difficulty remembering visual details about objects and locations. They may also have problems following directions and using maps.
  • Unusual fingerprint patterns: Up to three-fourths of Alzheimer's patients have an abnormal number of ulnar loop patterns on their fingertips.

    These patterns are similar to those found on people with Down's Syndrome, suggesting that some people may possibly have a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer's.

Over four million older Americans currently live with Alzheimer's Disease. We observe National Alzheimer's Awareness Month each November to help friends and family become better informed about Alzheimer's.

Being able to recognize the early signs of potential Alzheimer's related problems is extremely important because the sooner a person is diagnosed and treatment is started, the better their chances for enjoying a longer, healthier, and happier life.

Smokers are killing people


Non-smokers of the world unite: You have nothing to lose but second-hand smoke lining your lungs with tar. According to an alarming report from the World Health Organization, more than 600,000 people die each and every year from the effects of second-hand smoke.

These are innocent victims, condemned to death by lung disease and heart ailments, a fatal sentence from those who carelessly indulge in the cruel act of smoking. Not content to inflict physical harm upon their own bodies, smokers kill the innocent with their toxic smoke.

Around the world, tobacco is the leading cause of preventable deaths. It kills five million people a year. And if current trends continue, a billion people this century will die from this disgusting habit.

What will it take for smokers to see common sense? Graphic images of tar-lined lungs adorning cigarette cartons? A health levy on those who waste the resources of the medical system with their diseased lungs and failing hearts? A high rate of tax on tobacco products? Or the complete outlawing of such products altogether?

Thankfully, some progress is being made by the introduction of non-smoking laws by legislators around the world. But these efforts are still too few and too far between.

Health- n-Food




Slice a Carrot and it looks just like an eye, right down to the pattern of the iris. It is a clear clue to the importance this everyday vegetable has for vision. Carrots get their orange colour from a plant chemical called betacarotene, which reduces the risk of developing cataracts. The chemical also protects against macular degeneration an age-related sight problem that affects one in four over-65s. It is the most common cause of blindness in Britain. But popping a betacarotene pill does not have the same effect, say scientists at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore




The gnarled folds of a walnut mimic the appearance of a human brain and provide a clue to the benefits. Walnuts are the only nuts which contain significant amounts of omega-3 fatty acids. They may also help head off dementia. An American study found that walnut extract broke down the protein-based plaques associated with Alzheimers disease. Researchers at Tufts University in Boston found walnuts reversed some signs of brain ageing in rats. Dr James Joseph, who headed the study, said walnuts also appear to enhance signalling within the brain & encourage new messaging links between brain cells.



A Tomato is red and usually has four chambers, just like our heart. Tomatoes are also a great source of lycopene, a plant chemical that reduces the risk of heart disease & several cancers. The Women Health Study  an American research programme which tracks the health of 40,000 women found women with the highest blood levels of lycopene had 30 per cent less heart disease than women who had very little lycopene. Lab experiments have also shown that lycopene helps counter the effect of unhealthy LDL cholesterol. One Canadian study, published in the journal Experimental Biology & Medicine, said there was convincing vidence that lycopene prevented coronary heart disease.




Close-up, the tiny green tips on a broccoli head look like hundreds of cancer cells. Now scientists know this disease-busting veg can play a crucial role in preventing the disease. Last year, a team of researchers at the US National Cancer Institute found just a weekly serving of broccoli was enough to reduce the risk of prostate cancer by 45 per cent. In Britain, prostate cancer kills one man every hour.




Our lungs are made up of branches of ever-smaller airways that finish up with tiny bunches of tissue called alveoli. These structures, which resemble bunches of grapes, allow oxygen to pass from the lungs to the blood stream. One reason that very premature babies struggle to survive is that these alveoli do not begin to form until week 23 or 24 of pregnancy. A diet high in fresh fruit, such as grapes, has been shown to reduce the risk of lung cancer & emphysema. Grape seeds also contain a chemical called proanthocyanidin, which appears to reduce the severity of asthma triggered by allergy.




A nice holey cheese, like Emmenthal, is not just good for your bones, it even resembles their internal structure. & like most cheeses, it is a rich source of calcium, a vital ingredient for strong bones & reducing the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Together with another mineral called phosphate, it provides the main strength in bones but also helps to power muscles. Getting enough calcium in the diet during childhood is crucial for strong bones. A study at Columbia University in New York showed teens who increased calcium intake from 800mg a day to 1200mg & equal to an extra two slices of cheddar - boosted their bone density by six per cent.




Root ginger, commonly sold in supermarkets, often looks just like the stomach. So its interesting that one of its biggest benefits is aiding digestion. The Chinese have been using it for over 2,000 years to calm the stomach & cure nausea, while it is also a popular remedy for motion sickness. But the benefits could go much further.
Tests on mice at the University of Minnesota found injecting the chemical that gives ginger its flavour slowed down the growth rate of bowel tumours




Cheer yourself up & put a smile on your face by eating a banana. The popular fruit contains a protein called tryptophan. Once it has been digested, tryptophan then gets converted in a chemical neurotransmitter called serotonin. This is one of the most important mood-regulating chemicals in the brain & most anti-depressant drugs work by adjusting levels of serotonin production. Higher levels are associated with better moods.




Slice a mushroom in half & it resembles the shape of the human ear. & guess what? Adding it to your cooking could actually improve your hearing. Thats because mushrooms are one of the few foods in our diet that contain vitamin D. This particular vitamin is important for healthy bones, even the tiny ones in the ear that transmit sound to the brain.



Barbara Mathias

  • Does your head spin when you get up from bed?
  • Do you feel dizzy if you change your posture or direction of moving suddenly?
  • Do you find it difficult to read moving letters?
  • Do you feel you are losing balance while walking?
  • Are you frustrated because of these problems?

I'm sure most of you would have got this problem checked by the ENT specialist. All these are symptoms of Vertigo.

Vertigo is caused due to an imbalance in the canals of the ear. The human ear has certain receptors, which detect motion of the head and neck with respect to the rest of your body. These help you adjust or adapt to various sudden change in position. Positional Vertigo is seen when there is a problem with these receptors and they are unable to function to their optimum level. That is when you feel giddy when your head moves suddenly, when you change position in bed or wake up in a hurry in the morning.


Vertigo can occur in various forms, but positional type is the most common one seen in women. It can occur at any age and is usually also associated with Neck Spondylosis and head injury.

Dizziness => Lack of head and neck movement => More dizziness => Stiff neck => Severe dizziness.

This is a vicious cycle. This ultimately leads to lack of mobility for the fear of falling and in turn makes you feel frustrated and limits your ability to do your daily activities and even socialize.

Is there any cure for this? Yes, definitely. You may need to visit the ENT specialist, who would be able to diagnose the type of vertigo. He would prescribe some medications, which would however give you temporary relief. However, long-term use of these medications would only lead to some side effects and later no relief from symptoms. Along with medication, Physiotherapy can help you to a very large extent. Many people are unaware of this fact. Physiotherapists can examine you by doing various provocative tests and also treat you. They would treat you with some positional treatments, which have to be maintained for 3-4 days followed by exercises. The exercises are meant to help your receptors adapt to the changes in position in your daily life activities. These also help you to improve your balance and thus improve your sense of well being. There are exercises to help improve you gaze stability and postural control. Some of the exercises are as follows:


Exercises to Improve Gaze Stability

  • Tape a board with a dot on the wall in front of you so that you can see it. Move your head from side to side keeping the dot in focus. Move your head faster but keep the dot in focus. Continue to do this for 1-2 minutes without stopping.
  • Repeat the exercise moving your head up and down. Repeat the exercises using a large pattern such as a checkerboard. Start slowly and then increase your speed.

Exercises to improve Postural stability (Balance)

  • Walk close to a wall with a narrow base of support. Finally walk heel to toe. Do this with eyes open and then closed.
  • Walk close to a wall and turn your head to the right and to the left as you walk. Try to focus on different objects as you walk. Gradually turn your head more often and faster.


There are more exercises, but all these need to be done only under the proper supervision of the Physiotherapist.

Vertigo is not a self-limiting condition if examined and treated at the right time. So as soon as you feel any of the symptoms, go to an ENT specialist and then visit the nearest physiotherapy center for further help. Prompt treatment and regular exercise can help you lead an independent life without any insecurity or feeling of frustration. Take care of yourselves now, as now is all you have.

60 Uses Of Salt

Although you may not realize it, simple table salt has a great number of uses other than simply seasoning your food. The following list will give you sixty uses of salt, many of which you probably didn't realize:

1. Soak stained hankies in salt water before washing.

2. Sprinkle salt on your shelves to keep ants away.

3. Soak fish in salt water before descaling; the scales will come off easier.

4. Put a few grains of rice in your salt shaker for easier pouring.

5. Add salt to green salads to prevent wilting...

6. Test the freshness of eggs in a cup of salt water; fresh eggs sink; bad ones float.

7. Add a little salt to your boiling water when cooking eggs; a cracked egg will stay in its shell this way.

8. A tiny pinch of salt with egg whites makes them beat up fluffier.

9. Soak wrinkled apples in a mildly salted water solution to perk them up.

10. Rub salt on your pancake griddle and your flapjacks won't stick.

11. Soak toothbrushes in salt water before you first use them; they will last longer.

12. Use salt to clean your discolored coffee pot.

13. Mix salt with turpentine to whiten you bathtub and toilet bowl.

14. Soak your nuts in salt brine overnight and they will crack out of their shells whole. Just tap the end of the shell with a hammer to break it open easily.

15. Boil clothespins in salt water before using them and they will last longer.

16. Clean brass, copper and pewter with paste made of salt and vinegar, thickened with flour.

17. Add a little salt to the water your cut flowers will stand in for a longer life.

18. Pour a mound of salt on an ink spot on your carpet; let the salt soak up the stain.

19. Clean your iron by rubbing some salt on the damp cloth on the ironing surface.

20. Adding a little salt to the water when cooking foods in a double boiler will make the food cook faster.

21. Use a mixture of salt and lemon juice to clean piano keys.

22. To fill plaster holes in your walls, use equal parts of salt and starch, with just enough water to make a stiff putty.

23. Rinse a sore eye with a little salt water.

24. Mildly salted water makes an effective mouthwash. Use it hot for a sore throat gargle.

25. Dry salt sprinkled on your toothbrush makes a good tooth polisher.

26. Use salt for killing weeds in your lawn.

27. Eliminate excess suds with a sprinkle of salt.

28. A dash of salt in warm milk makes a more relaxing beverage.

29. Before using new glasses, soak them in warm salty water for awhile.

30. A dash of salt enhances the taste of tea. ?

31. Salt improves the taste of cooking apples.

32. Soak your clothes line in salt water to prevent your clothes from freezing to the line; likewise, use salt in your final rinse to prevent the clothes from freezing.

33. Rub any wicker furniture you may have with salt water to prevent yellowing.

34. Freshen sponges by soaking them in salt water.

35. Add raw potatoes to stews and soups that are too salty.

36. Soak enamel pans in salt water overnight and boil salt water in them next day to remove burned-on stains.

37. Clean your greens in salt water for easier removal of dirt.

38. Gelatin sets more quickly when a dash of salt is added.

39. Fruits put in mildly salted water after peeling will not discolor.

40. Fabric colors hold fast in salty water wash...

41. Milk stays fresh longer when a little salt is added.

42. Use equal parts of salt and soda for brushing your teeth.

43. Sprinkle salt in your oven before scrubbing clean.

44. Soaked discolored glass in a salt and vinegar solution to remove stains..

45. Clean greasy pans with a paper towel and salt.

46. Salty water boils faster when cooking eggs.

47. Add a pinch of salt to whipping cream to make it whip more quickly.

48. Sprinkle salt in milk-scorched pans to remove odor.

49. A dash of salt improves the taste of coffee...

50. Boil mismatched hose in salty water and they will come out matched.

51. Salt and soda will sweeten the odor of your refrigerator.

52. Cover wine-stained fabric with salt; rinse in cool water later.

53. Remove offensive odors from stove with salt and cinnamon.

54. A pinch of salt improves the flavor of cocoa.

55. To remove grease stains in clothing, mix one part salt to four parts alcohol.

56. Salt and lemon juice? Removes mildew.

57. Sprinkle salt between sidewalk bricks where you don't want grass growing.

58. Polish your old kerosene lamp with salt for a better look.

59. Remove odors from sink drainpipes with a strong, hot solution of salt water.

60. If a pie bubbles over in your oven, put a handful of salt on top of the spilled juice. The mess won't smell and will bake into a dry, light crust which will wipe off easily when the oven has cooled.